8. Does the apartment have a sufficient number of fire alarms? Is the operation of fire alarms regularly reviewed?
The apartment must have at least one functional fire alarm per 60m² of each floor. The best level of safety is achieved when the fire alarm is installed at the centre of the ceiling in each room (except the kitchen and washrooms). The instructions provided by the manufacturer are observed in the placement of the alarm.
The fire alarm is inspected by pressing the test button on the cover of the alarm for approximately five seconds. A working fire alarm will then let out an alarm sound. The alarm sound will end when the test button is released. When you acquire a fire alarm, use e.g. a felt tip pen to mark the purchase date of the alarm on the back. If the fire alarm is more than 10 years old, it is recommended to be replaced. Ensure that the resident can hear the sound of the fire alarm.
9. Is the numbering of the house and apartments clearly visible, including in the dark?
Insufficient or poorly visible numbering of the house may significantly slow down the arrival of help in an emergency situation (e.g. ambulance or fire brigade). The numbering of the house must also be clearly visible in the dark. The apartments’ numbers must also be clearly visible.
10. Are the safety devices and other aids up-to-date? Could the resident benefit from a certain safety device or aid?
Safety devices and other aids are recommended to be introduced, when support is needed in everyday activities.
Safety devices include, for example
• a safety phone or safety bracelet which can be used to alert help
• hob guard which ensures that the hob plates are not forgotten on
• a timed coffee machine which automatically turns the machine off after a certain time
• a reminding medication dispenser
11. Can help be alerted with a phone or safety device (for example, a safety phone or bracelet)?
Memory disorders and physical disabilities can make alerting help more difficult. Alerting help usually requires a phone to be available and that it can be used. In addition to a phone, other safety devices such as safety phones and bracelets can also provide support.
12. Assess whether the resident can exit the apartment in less than three minutes in an emergency situation?
It must always be possible to exit all of the apartment’s premises without obstruction. Exiting must also be possible in the dark and without the use of keys. The resident’s physical capacity also affects exiting.
13. Assess the resident's dependency on services
The support of the nearby environment and various services may play a significant role in coping with everyday life and safety.
Whose visits is the resident’s safety and wellbeing dependent on? Who visits the home to ensure and produce services that enable living at home? Are the support network and services sufficient?
• Family members
• Eksote (home care)
• Private service provider (for example, cleaning service, taxi service, care service…)
• Neighbours or other relatives
• Other operator
14. Assess how dependent the resident is on his/her daily services within the following time periods:
The resident’s ability to cope with everyday life and safety may weaken significantly in case of an interruption, for example, as the result of a wide-scale power cut or storm. In case of interruptions, services may be delayed or completely cancelled.